Se asustó cuando el mono se le saltó encima.

English Translation

He was scared when the monkey jumped at him.

Is this “at him” or just “up”?

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The indirect pronoun in se le saltó encima indicates that the action happening is directed toward the subject. The use of saltarse (instead of simply saltar) and encima indicates that the monkey isn’t just jumping up, but more launching itself on top of the subject.