僕は幸運にも成功した。

English Translation

I had the good fortune to succeed.

What role does the も play?

@ericaw
幸運にも or 幸いにも (pron. さいわいにも) is a set phrase. I have even never thought about the compounded particle にも. And I have never tried to drop も from this phrase.

I guess you assumed that the primary meaning of も is “too/also/as well”.

But も sometimes introduces something unexpected or something different/opposite (similar to the conjunction BUT) and highlights the gap.

どんなに運動して痩せなかった。= I worked out so much. BUT I couldn’t lose weight.

たとえ高性能のマスクを着用して、完全にはCOVID-19感染を防げないだろう。= No matter how good mask you might wear, it wouldn’t perfectly guarantee COVID-19 free.

There is no connotation of “too/also”. These are verb + て + も. But you can also apply the same function of も to adverb + も structure. For example,

ジャイアンツは惜しく敗れた。= Giants lost the game by hair.

Giants played the baseball game so good. But Giants eventually lost. It was unexpected.

エンジェルスは辛く勝った。= Angels won the tight game.

You cannot drop も from either of the abovementioned cases.

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