Es geht ihm gut.

English Translation

He’s doing well.

“Es geht ihm gut.” translates to “He is doing well.” or “He is fine.” in English. Let’s break down the sentence for someone learning German:

  • “Es” is a pronoun that typically means “it” in English, but when used in this context, it does not directly translate to anything. It is simply a placeholder subject commonly used in impersonal expressions.

  • “geht” is the third-person singular present tense form of the verb “gehen,” which means “to go.” However, in this context, “es geht” is an idiomatic expression that means “to fare” or “to be (in a certain condition).”

  • “ihm” is a dative pronoun that means “to him” or “for him.” In German, indirect objects (the recipients of actions) are often given in the dative case. Here, it indicates the person who is doing well.

  • “gut” is an adjective that means “good” or “well” in English. In this sentence, it describes the state of well-being of the person referred to by “ihm.”

The sentence structure “Es geht ihm gut.” uses the typical subject-verb-object order found in German main clauses, with the subject “es” and the pronoun “ihm” as the indirect object.

So grammatically, “Es geht ihm gut.” describes a state of well-being for a male person in a somewhat impersonal way, which is commonly used